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Tuesday, April 23, 2019

History

The recorded history of Haiti began on 4 December 1492 when the European navigator Christopher Columbus happened upon a large island in the region of the western Atlantic Ocean that later came to be known as the Caribbean.

General Leclerc in Saint-Domingue 1801–1802

24-31 Oct 1801 Leclerc sails from France for Saint-Domingue. He is Commander-in-Chief of France’s largest expeditionary army ever with 20,000 European troops, who are called...

Recent history 2006 – 2017

Recent history 2006 February René Préval is elected president, defeating U.S.-backed and other candidates in an election overseen by U.N. peacekeepers 2008 April Riots break out in Les...

Spanish Rule 1492–1700

Spanish Rule 6 December 1492 Columbus lands on Hispaniola, which the original Taino inhabitants call “Ayti,” meaning “mountainous land.” Columbus builds a small fort named La...

The Duvalier’s Era 1957 – 1986

1957     Franck Sylvain                Daniel Fignolé Franck Sylvain is elected President of Haiti, but is succeeded by a thirteen-member Executive Council of Government. Daniel Fignolé...

Haitian Independence 1804–1805

Haitian Independence 1 January 1804 In Gonaïves, Dessalines proclaims Haiti’s independence, signaling the formation of the world’s first black republic. He publishes a Declaration of Independence,...

Instability after Duvalier 1986 – 1990

1986 Instability after Duvalier: 25 February The original blue and red flag of Haiti is raised at the National Palace, replacing the black and red...

Toussaint Louverture in Power 1796–1801

Toussaint Louverture in Power August 1796 Primary electoral assemblies in Saint-Domingue are formed to elect colonial representatives to the legislative body in France. The outcome, facilitated...

First Ladies

Marie-Claire Heureuse Dessalines - 1758 - 1858 Marie-Claire Félicité Bonheur, or Claire Heureuse, was Jean-Jacques Dessalines's wife. She was born in 1758 in Léogâne city....

The French Revolution Begins 1788—1790

French Revolution Begins June 1788 On the eve of the French Revolution, the Third Estate assembles in the tennis court at Versailles to write a new...

French Rule and Tensions in the Colony 1750-1784

French Rule 1750s Free blacks and mulattoes begin to amass wealth and power. Many acquire plantations, especially coffee plantations in the West and the South. “These men...

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